Writing a CV in Spanish can be a challenge if you are only used to writing CVs in English. Although fairly similar, there are some additions and changes that you might need to make when writing a Spanish CV.
Like English, Spanish is spoken in more than one country in the world, so your CV may require some final touches when it comes to applying for a job in Spain or in Latin America.
A good option for creating a Spanish CV is writing a Europass CV. Europass CVs are recognised as a standardised CV template across Europe and can be useful when applying for a job in a European country, although there are a few European countries where they are less common. For example, in the UK, the Europass CV template is scarcely used or seen.
Read the following guide to learn more about writing a CV in Spanish, the differences and things to look out for, as well as Spanish CV templates and how they can help you to understand more about Spanish CVs.
How to write a CV in Spanish
While applicants may think that they can write a Spanish CV as they would for their native country, there are some differences and things you might have to tweak or add when creating your CV in Spanish.
Factors to consider when writing a CV in Spanish:
- Personal details
You will improve your chances of getting the job if you can prove to recruiters that your level of Spanish is sufficient to write your own CV. While it might seem simple to send a CV in English, it is advisable to send your job application in Spanish.
If you’re worried about writing your CV in Spanish, you can ask someone to check your Spanish language or have your CV translated. Our OnlineCV builder can be used in multiple languages, meaning half the work is done through providing you with a pre-formatted and labelled Spanish CV template.
In the UK it’s not common to include a photo in your CV. However, in Spain, it’s much more to common and the norm to include a photo in your CV.
Make sure your professional photo on your Spanish CV is a recent photo. Nowadays, a professional looking selfie with a plain background and neat appearance is sufficient. Read our blog on professional CV photos and how to take them.
It is more usual to see personal details such as gender, age and nationality on a CV written in Spanish. However, if you are uncomfortable with listing this kind of personal information on your Spanish CV, don’t feel pressured to include it. Many recruiters working at international companies are aware of different CV writing norms and will understand why you may choose to exclude your age or nationality.
That said, if you are applying to work somewhere with less multicultural knowledge or insight, the hiring manager may fail to understand why you haven’t included certain items on your Spanish CV which are considered normal.
The Spanish CV template you choose to use should be well-organised, professional and make you stand out. View Spanish CV examples to get an idea of acceptable designs and inspire yourself to create a winning CV in Spanish.
You don’t want to drag your Spanish CV out longer than two A4 pages. That said, if you can aim to make it short and snappy, this technique works in terms of drawing recruiters in, as opposed to boring them.
Writing in bullet point format when writing job descriptions and other sections of the CV is a good way of saving space, as well.
For more tips on writing a CV in Spanish, you can view Spanish CV examples or use our OnlineCV builder and the multi-language button to create your pre-formatted CV in Spanish.
Spanish CV layout and sections
Generally, standard CV margins for Spanish CVs are 3 cm margin at the top of the page and 2.5 cm margin to the left and right sides of the page.
Title your CV with your full name and write your personal details underneath. The title of a Spanish CV has always been centred; however, with the introduction of modern templates, they can be placed to the sides or incorporated in the design.
Each individual should assess their personal profile and decide which sections they would like to list before others. No CV has the same layout, as jobseekers often wish to highlight different factors of their CV. Choosing whether to list your work experience or academic background first can aid in outlining recent work experience which pertains to the job application or can also highlight a recently obtained academic qualification.
Personal details (datos personales)
This section tends to be much longer than the personal details included in an English CV. Not only is your full name, number and professional email address a must, but hiring managers also consider factors such as photo, nationality, gender and age important on Spanish CVs.
You can also choose to include your driving license and LinkedIn handle as you would in an English CV.
Work experience (experiencia profesional)
Writing the work experience section on a CV in Spanish should be listed in a reverse chronological order and include standard information such as company name, location, job title, a brief description of tasks carried out and dates of employment. As you can see, this section of the CV is same and should merely be translated well into Spanish.
Important: when listing the location of the job, it may be wise to label city and then country if you have worked abroad.
Education (formación académica)
Due to education systems and their differences, it may be a wise idea to write the equivalent of your academic qualification in Spanish in the education section of your Spanish CV.
For example: A Levels (equivalente a Bachillerato)
Listing your education in a reverse chronological order is also expected.
Another factor to bear in mind when writing a CV in Spanish is that grades may also be assessed differently, so it may be necessary to include an equivalent or explain how much the grade was out of when writing a Spanish CV. For example, the International Baccalaureate is marked out of 7, but the Spanish Baccalaureate is marked out of 10.
IT skills (informática)
If this section is relevant to the job role, include it. However, if IT skills are not necessary for the job role, simply include a skills section in your Spanish CV.
This is an element of a Spanish CV template which differs from other CV layouts and sections. In the UK, for example, CV templates rarely separate IT skills and instead, they are usually listed under the skills section.
Highlight key skills which make you stand out as an ideal candidate. This section should be written using bullet points to save space and make sure you keep all points pertinent to the job role.
Ensure that when you write your skills in Spanish, you know technical names for programmes, professional tasks and other vocabulary which may be difficult as a foreign language speaker.
The European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) is used commonly amongst Europeans to measure their language abilities accurately. Use the CEFR for your Spanish CV if you are applying for a job in Spain.
If you are applying for a job with a Spanish CV outside of Europe, consider labelling your language abilities using:
You can also break up your skills to assess your reading, writing, listening and spoken language individually.
Research Spanish CV examples to get an idea of common ways to write languages on your CV and how you can assess and rate them.
Spanish CV examples
As previously mentioned, viewing Spanish CV templates is an effective method for informing yourself on how to write a CV in a different language.
While viewing CV models is helpful, it’s not recommendable to copy information or content. Instead, you should keep your CV as personalised as possible and include only original information which came from you yourself.
If you find it difficult writing a Spanish CV, you can ask for help or use our OnlineCV maker to create your CV in Spanish. Our templates use multi-language settings which enable you to set your CV template in Spanish and other various languages.
Tips for writing the best Spanish CV
For international companies, how do you know whether to apply in English or Spanish?
The best way to know whether to write your job application in Spanish or English is by writing your CV in the language of the job listing. If the job description is written in Spanish, recruiters will expect you to apply in Spanish.
Here some tips to remember for writing the best Spanish CV:
- Include a photo
- Include your nationality and birthday
- Make sure all technical vocabulary is translated correctly
- Use a Spanish CV template to help with the CV format
- Ensure abbreviations or culture-specific terms don’t make your Spanish CV alienating